Rare ecosystems


Wetlands: poles of attraction for alternative tourism

In recent years, scientists of the environmental organization WWF HELLAS (Worldwide Fund for Nature) were surprised registering in Lemnos not only the largest in extent wetlands of Mediterranean, but also the best-preserved.

Thirteen registered wetlands cover 2,62% of its land and classify Lemnos among the most important and greatest wetlands in Mediterranean level. Their existence has great importance for the preservation and variety of life in Aegean.

The most important wetlands of the island

It is the cluster of lakes of Alyki, Chortarolimni and Asprolimni, which covers an area of 14,000,000m2 approximately and is incorporated in the network NATURA 2000. The area of these three lakes constitutes an ideal environment for a great number of plants and animal, many times indigenous and rare. Nowadays, it seems to be hard to find such a good combination of salt meadows and sand dunes, without the devastation caused by human activity. Too many migratory birds come in the area for wintering, while there have been recorded till 4,000.

The historic bay of Moudros also constitutes an important wetland. Its size and position create a perfect environment for the preservation of rich fish and shell fauna. The wetland in Diapori, the Dependency in Fakos, Richoures in Palio Pedino, estuaries in Plaka, Kotsinas, Tigani and Gomati, mouths of torrents Zematas and Chandrias, wetland in Asprokavos.

There are more, smaller, wetlands around the bay of Moudros, important for the avifauna of the island such as of the Airport, Palaio Pedino & Nea Koutali.

Beyond the wetlands of high importance, there are also habitats of smaller scale, but of equal beauty and great ecological interest, worthy of being visited.

  • Chortarolimni lemnos


    It is a brackish lake of 2,300,000m2, which belongs to the administrative district area of the village Kalliopi. It is completely dry in summer, but the rest of the seasons it looks like a blue painting in green background, with hundreds singings of Herons, Ruddy Shelducks, Black-winged Stilts and Pied Avocets, which give their own fight for survival.
  • Flora - Fauna, Lemnos

    Flora - Fauna

    Nowadays, there are many thorny bushes in the island and in some locations, a rare kind of oak.The total lack of forests is mainly due to cattle-breeding, but also to special geological conditions and strong winds.
    During summer, a small sea lily grows in coastal sand dunes. But, take care not to cut it, because it belongs to protected species. Just let it give you its stimulating aroma.