Chronicle

  • Pelasgics, who were relatives of Tyrrineoi and Etruscans of Italy, seize Lemnos in 1000 B.C. In 511 B.C., the island is occupied by Persians, but in 479 B.C., the fleet of Athenians forced them out of the island definitely.
     
  • During Macedonian domination, it is conquered by Phillip, in 353 B.C., but he gives it back to Athenians.
     
  • During Roman domination, the island is conquered by Romans, in 166 B.C.
     
  • In Byzantine years, it belongs administratively to “Thema” of Aegean Sea and constitutes a particular diocese – Stratigios, who participated in the 1st Ecumenical Synod in Nice, is mentioned as its first bishop.
     
  • From 267 to 269 A.D., the island suffers the devastated raids of Goths and Herules.
     
  • In 900 A.D., Lemnos is ravaged by the notorious apostate pirate Leontas Tripolitis (El-Zourafa).
     
  • In 924 A.D., the Byzantine admiral Ioannis Radinos crushes the fleet of pirates and frees Lemnos and the rest of Aegean islands, from Saracens.
     
  • In 1207 A.D., it comes under the authority of the eminent Venetian family of Philokalos Navigagiozi.
     
  • Many adventures intervene and the island falls into the hands of Genouates Gatelouzi, who dominate since 1355 in neighboring Lemnos.
     
  • After a century, in 1460, Ottomans seize Lemnos and yield it together with Imvros to the bishop Dimitrios Paleologos, who recognizes their suzerainty.
     
  • In 1478, Souleiman Pashas besieges the castle of Kotsinas. Maroula, daughter of the killed provost marshal, removes Ottomans from the island, becomes a legend and is called “armed Pallada” and “Jean d’ Arc of Lemnos”.
     
  • During the long-lasting Ottoman domination, the island suffers devastating consequences, not only from the new Venetian-Turkish war, from 1684 to 1699, but also from the Russian war, from 1768 to 1774 and 1787 till 1792. Venetians seize the island only for a while.
     
  • The Russian fleet appears in Lemnos during the first Russian-Turkish war, in 1770, under Alexios Orlof, and starts seizing the castle, where Turkish people of the capital are closed in. The siege, by land and sea, lasts three months.
     
  • The surrender of the castle is ready, through an agreement, when suddenly 3,000 Turks disembark at the island, under Kapoudan pasha Chashan Jejaerlis, put Russians to rout and immediately commit acts of violence against Greek people.
     
  • With the beginning of the 1st Balkan war, in October 1912, the island is liberated by the admiral Pavlos Kountouriotis, leader of Greek fleet.
     
  • During the 1st World War, 250 English-French warships lie at anchor the sea of Moudros and from there they start an expedition, lasting several months, against Kallipolis, in order to relieve Russians, who suffer from serious wounds by Germans.
     
  • The truce of Moudros is known and is signed in October 1918 by the allies and defeated Turkey. The end of the 1st World War is signaled.
     
  • In April 1941, the island is seized by Germans and stays under their occupation till October 1944. 
  • During the period of Trojan war

    Achaeans going to Troy stopped in the island and left Philoktitis there, who was bitten by the snake of the sanctuary of goddess Chrysie and his leg stank unbearable. They took him back twelve years later and went to Troy, because according to the oracles of seer Elenos, only with his weapons (Hercules’s arrows) they could seize it.
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  • During the period of Trojan war

    Achaeans going to Troy stopped in the island and left Philoktitis there, who was bitten by the snake of the sanctuary of goddess Chrysie and his leg stank unbearable.
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  • Poliochni the most ancient city of Europe

    Poliochni the most ancient city of Europe

    Poliochni: the most ancient city of Europe. The summer of 1930, the Archaeological School of Athens discovered the prehistoric city of Poliochni, which is considered to be the most ancient of Europe. It constitutes a settlement that passed from many phases of architectural and cultural development, in a period of time that lasted from 5000 B.C. till 1600 B.C.
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  • Ήφαιστος, Λήμνος

    Μythology

    So, Hephaestus, chief metallurgist of Olympian gods, sets up his workshop in Lemnos and becomes its patron god. Besides, it couldn’t be different: the island has volcanic composition of the soil and is not far away from mine resources of Black Sea and Asia Minor.
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  • Lemnia Gi

    Lemnia Gi

    It is the famous clay, which for many centuries render the island of Lemnos unique in the whole world. It was mined from the 4th B.C. century till the end of 19th century, in the area of Fteri, between Kotsinas and Repanidi.
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  • Sovereigns and conquerors

    The conclusion, arising from mythological and historical texts, is that ancient world had shown a keen interest on Lemnos and its advanced civilization. Kares dominated over the island after Sintiis.
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  •  Cabeiri , lemnos

    Lemnos name

    Its name, which remained unchangeable throughout the centuries, originates from the Phoenician word “white”. As it is low and treeless, it strikes as whitish/ white from afar.
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